- Association of national
organisations of fishing enterprises in the European Union
European Association of Fish Producersí Organisations (EAPO)
- European Association of Fish Producers Organisations
European Commission - Fisheries - The Common Fisheries
Policy (CFP) is the European Union's instrument for the management
of fisheries and aquaculture. It was created to manage a common
resource and to meet the obligation set in the original Treaties of
the then European Community. Because fish are a natural and mobile
resource they are considered as common property. In addition, the
Treaties which created the Community stated that there should be a
common policy in this area, that is, common rules adopted at EU
level and implemented in all Member States.
Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile for Finland
- aquatic species caught by country or area, by species items, by
FAO major fishing areas, and year, for all commercial, industrial,
recreational and subsistence purposes. The harvest from mariculture,
aquaculture and other kinds of fish farming is also included.
Finnish Food Safety
Authority - The operation of the Food Safety Authority Evira
focuses on ensuring the safety of food, promoting the health and
welfare of animals and providing the required preconditions for
plant and animal production as well as plant health.
The Finnish Maritime
Administration is the authority responsible for maritime
safety, winter traffic assistance, fairway maintenance, VTS and
pilotage, hydrographic charting and the provision of ferry services
to the archipelago communities.
Statistics Finland - Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery -
Statistics produced under this topic describe agriculture and
horticulture, forests and forestry, fishing and game husbandry, and
hunting. The statistics contain data on related production
activities, prices, income, expenditure, assets and debts, as well
as reserves and their use.
Ministry of Agriculture Finland - Finnish game and fish
resources are used and managed and reindeer husbandry is practised
within the limits allowed by the sustainable use of natural
resources. Fisheries industry and hunting are adjusted to the fish
and game populations, while the reindeer stock is regulated
according to the carrying capacity of the pastures in Lapland.
Leisure fishing and hunting are regulated through licences.
Ministry of Fisheries Finland - Finnish fisheries industry
aims at sustainable fishery. Fisheries industry comprises fishing at
sea and in inland waters, aquaculture, fish breeding and fish trade.
The sector is of great economic and social importance especially in
sparsely populated areas, where it may be hard to find alternative
livelihoods. The development of the sector has been quite positive
in recent years: production volumes have been stable and total
employment has grown. However, there are differences between
different parts of the fishery production chain so that the
situation is much weaker in primary production.
Finnish Coregonid Stock Research and Fisheries Network -
Finnish Coregonid Stock Research and Fisheries Network
Crayfish research programme
The programme is studying the ecology, biology and production of the
indigenous noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) and the introduced
signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus). The socioeconomic
aspects of crayfishing are also being studied. Research results are
needed to understand the effects of rapid growth of signal crayfish
production and in the preservation of the noble crayfish stocks.
The main aim of the
Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute's Aquaculture Unit
is to maintain the genetic diversity of endangered indigenous
Finnish fish populations through aquaculture when other conservation
methods cannot ensure this. The Unit also develops and enhances
preconditions for aquaculture as a livelihood. Whitefish eggs in
Aquaculture stations use the latest knowledge and methodology in
maintaining the valuable native fish stocks. They rear broodstocks
to produce high-quality fish eggs and fingerlings for cultivation.
Other aquaculture products and customer services are being devised
in order to improve recreational fishing develop aquaculture
There are 12 indigenous species or morphs of fish in aquaculture,
and of these, over 70 differentiated strains are in production. The
aquaculture unit is also in charge of national selective breeding
programme for rainbow trout and whitefish. A gene bank is used for
storing the milt of the most important fish stocks.
Aquaculture stations are well equipped to carry out research and
development projects in cooperation with scientific research
organisations. Finnish fish farming know-how is utilized in many
farming operations all over the world.
produces high-quality food fish In Finland the role of
aquaculture in the fisheries sector is much more important than in
the other EU countries. The value of the fish raised for food is
higher than the value of the catch of professional fishing.
Aquaculture products, especially roe, constitute the most valuable
part of the Finnish fisheries exports. Annually about 13 million
kilos of fish is raised for food in Finland, most of this in the
south-western sea areas. The most important farmed fish species is
rainbow trout, which represents about 95 per cent of the output. The
farming of European whitefish, arctic char, trout and sturgeon is
becoming increasingly common. The farming of crayfish is also on the
increase. Aquaculture produces a lot of fish and crayfish fry for
both farming and stocking into natural waters. Finland has long
traditions in the management of fish populations on the basis of
extensive and diversified stocking programmes.
European Aquaculture Producers - The Federation of European
Aquaculture Producers (FEAP) is an international organisation that
is composed of the National Aquaculture Associations of European
countries. The basic aims of the Federation are: * to develop and
establish a common policy on questions relating to the production
and the commercialisation of aquaculture species are reared
professionally. * to make known to the appropriate authorities the
common policies envisaged above.
Health Index Finland - The Ocean Health Index is a valuable tool for the
ongoing assessment of ocean health. By providing a means to advance
comprehensive ocean policy and compare future progress, the Index
can inform decisions about how to use or protect marine ecosystems.
The Index is a collaborative effort, made possible through
contributions from more than 65 scientists/ocean experts and
partnerships between organizations including the National Center for
Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Sea Around Us, Conservation
International, National Geographic, and the New England Aquarium.
Information for Finland