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Eastern King Prawn (Penaeus plebejus) Photographs and Information



Eastern King Prawns are grooved prawns - they have a pair of parallel grooves running the length of the upper surface of the carapace.  The body is cram to yellow.   The head grooves are brown and there are short brown stripes on the sides of the tail segments.  The tips of the tailfans are blue and the walking legs are yellow.

Large king prawns are generally exported frozen, green and head-off.  Small to medium ones are sold in Australia cooked whole.

They are found along the eastern coast of Australia from Lakes Entrance in Victoria to North Reef in Queensland.  They are caught as juveniles in estuaries during spring and summer and as adults on the Continental shelf at depths of 60 to 220 metres from mid-summer through to winter.

Normally male eastern king prawns grow to a length of 19cm and weight 110g, while the females can grow to 30cm and weigh 220g.  Besides being smaller, males can be distinguished by a petasma (genital appendage) between the first pair of swimming legs.   Females have a plate-like thelycum at the base of the last pair of walking legs.

They are caught by deep sea netting, or in estuaries by a hand-held net wielded by a wading person using a bright light to attract the juveniles.  The light also reflects off their eyes, glowing red, so you can see them at night.

small photo of an Eastern King Prawn, australian king prawn

Eastern King Prawn (Penaeus plebejus) Photo

Map showing where Eastern King Prawns (Penaeus plebejus) are found in Australian waters

How to Purchase the Freshest Prawns or Shrimp - Fresh cooked shrimp are actually cooked on board the vessel of capture the moment they are caught and then refrigerated for maximum freshness before being delivered to the markets which will be normally or hopefully within 24hrs of capture.

Scientific Name Penaeus plebejus
Location Eastern Coast of Australia
Season Mid-Summer through to Winter
Size Males to 110g, Females to 220g
Australian Species Code 00 701923
Taste, Texture -

 

Nutritional Information
For every 100 grams raw product
for Prawn meat.

Kilojoules 399 (95 calories)
Cholesterol 121 mg
Sodium 185 g
Total fat (oil) 0.8 g
Saturated fat 36% of total fat
Monounsaturated fat 23% of total fat
Polyunsaturated fat 41% of total fat
Omega-3, EPA 39 mg
Omega-3, DHA 49 mg
Omega-6, AA 45 mg


About Eastern King Prawns:

Sizes of Prawns:
Prawns are graded according to the number of prawns per pound (445 grams) or per Kilo (1000gms)

U/10 = under 10 prawns per pound (extra large) (between 16 to 20 prawns to the Kilo)

10/20 = 10 to 20 prawns per pound (medium) (between 22 to 42 prawns to the kilo)

20/30 = 20 to30 prawns per pound (small to medium) (between 44 to 67 prawns to the kilo)

300/500 = 300 to 500 prawns per pound (extra small - shrimps) (between 675 to 1124 prawns to the kilo)

S & B = Soft and broken prawns - these are export 2nds due to slight damage or soft shell due to prawn malting just prior to capture.

Tips:- when comparing prices always compare by asking the count per pound - the lower the count the larger the size. The larger the size the higher the price

 


Cooking Eastern King Prawns:

Size and Weight
Commonly 40-50g and 10-21cm body length, with Eastern King Prawns the largest and Redspot King Prawn the smallest. Eastern can grow to 30cm.

Price
High priced, with larger prawns fetching the highest prices and Western and Redspot generally cheaper than Eastern King Prawns.

Relations
Other Penaeidae prawns, such as Banana Prawns and Tiger Prawns.

To Buy
Look for brightly coloured, firm, intact, lustrous shells, without any discolouration, particularly at joints, and a pleasant fresh sea smell. Prawns are highly perishable in their raw state and so are often frozen or boiled at sea as soon as they are caught. If cooking with Prawns, buy green (raw) Prawns, as cooked Prawns will toughen if reheated.

To Store
Leave Prawns in their shells until just before using and store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days or freeze for up to 3 months below -18șC. Once thawed, frozen Prawns should not be refrozen.

To Cook
Average yield is 45%. Has a rich flavour, low-medium oiliness moist flesh with a medium-firm texture. Flesh is translucent when raw and white with pinkish bands when cooked. After removing the head from a fresh green Prawn, hold the Prawn straight and gently pull the end of the digestive tract (from the head end), it will usually come out in one go. If it breaks off, use a thin skewer to hook it out from the back. In cooked Prawns, cut the back open to remove the digestive tract.

Cooking Methods
Steam, poach, deep-fry, pan-fry, stir-fry, grill, barbecue. The firm flesh holds together well in soups and curries and threaded on skewers for kebabs. Like all seafood, Prawns require very little cooking. It is always better to undercook, rather than overcook, them, as they will continue to cook in the residual heat. King Prawns have a particular tendency to become tough if not handled correctly.

HOW MUCH SEAFOOD TO BUY:
Prawns
:
Small 40-60 prawns per kilo
Medium 20 - 40 prawns per kilo
Large 10 - 20 prawns per kilo
- Allow approx. 300 - 400 grams per person.

PRAWN RECIPES

Shrimp or Prawn Recipes from How To Cook Fish & Seafood

Basic Cooked Prawns
How to cook raw prawns to eat or use in a recipe that calls for cooked prawns.

 

Tiger prawn recipe, rissoto with squid ink and prawns fried shrimp, fried prawns, calamari rice with squid and prawns prawns wrapped with prosciutto
Risotto with Squid Ink
& Tiger Prawns
Fried Shrimp & Calamari Rice and Squid with Prawns
- Arroz de Lula
Italian Prosciutto Wrapped Prawns

 

How to peel a Green or Raw Prawn
Sydney Fish Market provides step by step instructions on how to peel a 'green' or raw prawn perfectly!


Commercial Fishing for Eastern King Prawns:

The Eastern King Prawn, or otherwise recognized as an ocean king prawn, is one of Queensland's premium seafood products. Eastern King Prawns are source by ocean going prawn trawlers along the southern Queensland and Northern New South Wales coastlines. This product is marketed as cooked and raw. The superior texture and taste of this species has been recognized by cultures throughout the world of which Urangan Fisheries readily supplies.

King Prawns from Urangan Fisheries

See Also:  Brown Shrimp  |  Brown Tiger Shrimp  |  Cat Tiger Shrimp  |  Eastern King Prawn  |  Endeavour Prawn  |  Freshwater Shrimp  |  Macrobrachium Shrimp  |  Black Tiger Prawn  |  Penaeus Monodon  |  Pink Shrimp  |  Red Argentine Shrimp  |  Deep Sea Red Shrimp  |  Flower Shrimp  |  Penaeus Indicus  |  Vannamei Shrimp  |  Giant Freshwater Prawn  |  King Prawn  |  Prawns  |  School Prawns  |  Red Spot King Prawn  |


More links about Eastern King Prawns

Australian Government - Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (PDF file) - Australian Fisheries Statistics 2010/2011

 

Australian Ocean King Prawn Company
Suppliers of whole, raw and cooked, wild caught OCEAN KING PRAWNS to both the domestic and international markets. Trawler owners and operators. Hervey Bay Cold Stores. http://www.oceankingprawns.com.au

 

Ocean Exports Pty Ltd
Exporters of all seafood caught in Queensland waters. Frozen: scallops, king prawns, coral trout, spanner crabs. Live: spanner crabs, mud crabs. Chilled: whiting, mackerel, reef fish.
http://www.oceanexports.com.au

 


 

 


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