Fish Photos, Fishing Info, Angling, Catching Fish, Cooking Fish

Australian Fish Photos, Seafood Photographs and Information

Custom Search

Sea-Ex is celebrating
27 YEARS of assisting Seafood, Marine & Related Companies with online marketing!

Advertise Your Company on Sea-Ex - Click Here


Directory & Info for Fishing, Angling, Fishing Tackle, Fishing Guides, Fly Fishing, Bass Fishing, Sports fishing, Game Fishing....
See >> Info on All types of Fishing | Angling | Tackle etc

Glossary of Fish, Seafood and Fishing Terms
Australian Fish Bag Limits and Size Regulations

Photos of  Australian Seafood, Fish, Crustaceans & Cephalopods and Information on each....

Abalone, Blacklip
Albacore Tuna
Baler Shell
Barbounia, Tiny
Bass, Sea
Batfish, Silver
Bonito Tuna
Bonito, Watson's Leaping
Bream, Butter
Bream, Slate
Bug, Moreton Bay (Slipper Lobster)
Bug, Balmain
Calamari, Southern
Carp, European
Catfish, Blue
Catfish, Lesser Salmon
Cod, Bar
Cod, Blue eye
Cod, Coral Rock
Cod, Ghost
Cod, Maori
Cod, Murray
Cod, Southern Rock
Cod, Spotted
Cod, Tomato
Cod, Wirrah
Cod, Yellow Spotted
Coral Trout
Crab, Blue Swimmer
Crab, Champagne
Crab, Giant
Crab, Mud
Crab, Spanner
Dart Fish
Dolphin Fish
Dory, John
Dory, Mirror
Dory, Silver
Drummer, Southern
Eel, Longfin
Emperor, Red
Emperor, Red Throat
Flounder, Small Toothed
Flutemouth, Rough
Frost Fish
Gurnard, Red
Gurnard, Spotted
Hump Headed Maori Wrasse
Jackass Fish
Jacket, Ocean
Jacket, Sea
Jobfish, Gold Banned
Jobfish, Rosy
Kingfish, Yellowtail
Latchet Fish
Leatherjacket, Reef
Lobster - Eastern Rock
Lobster - Southern Rock
Long Tom
Mackeral, Jack
Mackerel, Slimey
Mahi Mahi
Mangrove Jack
Marlin, Black
Marlin, Blue
Marlin, Striped
Melon Shell
Moon Fish
Morwong, Red
Mullet - Roe
Mullet, Diamond Scale
Mullet, Red
Mullet, Sea
Mullet, Yelloweye
Mussels Black
Mussels Greenlip
Orange Roughy
Oreo, Black
Oyster, Native
Oyster, Pacific
Oyster, Sydney Rock
Parrot Fish
Parrot Fish (2)
Perch, Ocean
Perch, Saddle Tail Sea
Perch, Silver
Perch, Splendid
Perch, Stripey Sea
Pig Fish
Pineapple Fish
Prawn, Banana
Prawn, King
Prawn, Red Spot
Prawn, School
Prawn, Tiger
Queenfish, Needleskin
Rainbow Runner
Redclaw Crayfish
Ribbon Fish
Rudder Fish
Salmon, Atlantic
Salmon, Australian
Scallops, Queensland
Scallops, Tasmanian
Scorpion Fish, Raggy
Shark Black Tip
Shark, Blue
Shark Bronze Whaler (Dusky)
Shark, Bull
Sharks Fins
Shark, Gummy
Shark, Mako
Shark, School
Shark, Tiger
Shark, Whiskery Reef
Shark, White
Shrimp, Mantis
Silver Biddy
Snapper, Big Eye
Snapper, Fry Pan
Snapper, Gold Band
Snapper, King
Snapper, Red
Snapper, Red Tropical
Sole, Tongue
Squid, Arrow
Squirrel Fish
Stingray, Butterfly
Stripey Sea Perch
Surgeonfish, Sixplate Sawtail
Sweetlip, Slatey
Sweetlip, Yellow
Tilefish, Pink
Trevally, Big Eye
Trevally, Golden
Trevally, Silver
Triple Tail
Trumpeter, Striped
Tuna, Albacore
Tuna, Bigeye
Tuna, Bluefin
Tuna, Longtail
Tuna, Skipjack
Tuna, Striped
Tuna, Mackerel
Tuna, Yellowfin
Venus Tusk Fish
Whiting, Sand
Whiting, School
Yabby, Freshwater Crayfish
FULL LIST of Fish & Seafood

Beche De Mer
(Sea Cucumber - Trepang)

Black Teatfish
Brown Sandfish
Elephants Trunks fish
Prickly Redfish
Surf Redfish
White Teatfish

Sea-Ex Seafood Trade Directory
Directory of Seafood Companies by Species Imported, Exported, Wholesale, Processors & Producers

Commercial Seafood Directory
Sea-Ex Seafood, Fishing, Marine Directory
Aquaculture Directory
Seafood Trading Board
Commercial Fishing
Seafood Information by Country
Fish Photos & Fish Information
Interesting Fish Facts & Trivia
Country Directories
Thailand Business Directory
Wholesale Seafood Suppliers Australia
Wholesale Seafood Suppliers International
Retail Seafood Sales
Seafood Restaurants
Seafood Recipes
Seafood Information
Seafood Industry Resources
Sea-Ex Seafood & Fishing Directory - Home Page

Mantis Shrimp (Squilla) Photographs and Information

Mantis shrimps or stomatopods are marine crustaceans, like crabs, rock lobsters and other shrimps, however they are not a 'shrimp'. Mantis shrimps are highly aggressive crustaceans that capture prey using large, raptorial claws much like that of a praying mantis.

Also called "shako", "sea locusts" by ancient Assyrians, "prawn killers" in Australia.

They are very attractive and beautifully coloured in shades of red, green and blue. There are two main types of mantis shrimp: 'spearers' and 'smashers'. Both types strike by rapidly unfolding and swinging the raptorial claw at the prey. 'Spearers' have a claw lined with numerous sharp teeth and they hunt by impaling prey on these teeth. They usually feed on soft-bodied animals like worms, shrimps and fish. 'Smashers' have a claw shaped like a club, which they use to smash and hammer their prey. They usually feed on hard-bodied animals like snails and crabs.

Mantis shrimps play an important role in marine ecosystems, regulating the numbers of other species and promoting higher overall species richness. Also, where the seabed is soft, the burrowing behaviour of mantis shrimps contributes to the turnover and oxygenation of sediments. Mantis shrimps are also sensitive to environmental pollutants and are good bio-indicators of pollution on coral reefs.

Mantis Shrimp, Huazhou Aquatic Products Co.

map2.jpg (3871 bytes)

Did You Know? Mantis Shrimp are the only animals to have hyperspectral colour vision and are considered to have the most complex eyes in the animal kingdom. They can see ultraviolet, visible and infra-red light and different planes of polarized light. The shape of their eyes allows them to see things with three different parts of the eye at once.

Scientific Name Squilla species
Location Australia wide
Season All year round
Size To 30cm
Australian Species Code -
Taste, Texture Good eating


Nutritional Information
For every 100 grams raw product
for Mantis Shrimp meat.

Kilojoules 399 (95 calories)
Cholesterol 121 mg
Sodium 185 g
Total fat (oil) 0.8 g
Saturated fat 36% of total fat
Monounsaturated fat 23% of total fat
Polyunsaturated fat 41% of total fat
Omega-3, EPA 39 mg
Omega-3, DHA 49 mg
Omega-6, AA 45 mg


Information about Mantis Shrimp (Squilla):

shrimpmantis.jpg (2927 bytes)Mantis Shrimp live in a vertical hole in the mud with only the eyes showing.  They snap at small fish in its "preying Mantis-like" arms and drags them into the hole.

Many different species of mantis shrimps live in Australian waters. Most of them are less that 15 centimetres long, but some species reach more than 30 centimetres and would appear quite fearsome to a fish! While many are pale blue, green or brown in colour, several tropical species have beautiful colours and patterns, like the one in the movie. Mantis shrimps have eight pairs of legs (the first five pairs are equipped with claws) plus modified legs known as pleopods on their abdomen which are used for swimming. The eyes and the first pair of antennae are attached to separate movable segments on the head.

They are aggressive predators and feed mainly on small fish, other crustaceans and molluscs. They use their large second pair of legs to catch their prey. Depending on the species of mantis shrimp, this pair of legs is either equipped with spined claws that are used like spears or hammer-like claws that are used to batter their target. They strike their prey with acceleration of up to 23 metres per second. The shock wave from the force can be enough to stun or even kill the prey. Some larger species with hammer-like claws have even been known to break the glass of aquariums.

Females carry the eggs or lay them in their burrow. After hatching, the larva initially lives on the seafloor but the first or second moult it commences a planktonic stage. During this time it looks very different to the adult. After a few months drifting at sea it again moults to metamorphose into a burrow-dwelling adult.

About 400 species of mantis shrimp are known worldwide. Close to 250 species occur in the Indo-West Pacific region and more than half of these occur around Australia. New species are regularly being discovered, even off the coast of New South Wales. Mantis shrimps support large fisheries in many parts of the world but they are susceptible to overfishing and habitat loss.

Most species of mantis shrimp live alone, but there are some species that live in pairs for life. Mantis shrimps can live in burrows and crevices on coral reefs, or on the seabed down to a depth of 1500 metres.

Mantis shrimp appear to be highly intelligent. They are long-lived and exhibit complex behaviour, such as ritualised fighting

Mantis Shrimp
The eyes of the mantis shrimp are among the most advanced in the animal kingdom. Human eyes each create a single picture and the two together means that we have binocular vision. Each one of the Mantis Shrimp eyeballs creates 3 separate images, a trinocular eyeball, that means the two eyeballs together have sextocular vision. Human eyes can detect 3 color wavelengths, the mantis shrimp can detect 12, nine more than we can. They can see colors that we cannot even see or imagine.

Mantis shrimps are divided into 2 categories, First The Spearers - they have spiny barbed front scooping claws designed to stab and snag prey. The other is The Smasher - they have "bowling ball" hands that they use to smash their pray. They have the fastest punch in the world with the same acceleration as a 22 caliber bullet. The mantis shrimp can deliver a blow with 1500 Newtons of force. Water moves out of the way so fast that little vacuums are formed called cavitations bubbles. These bubbles collapse immediately and the force of that collapse creates a second shockwave and it even generates light and heat.


Cooking Mantis Shrimp:

Mantis shrimp can be eaten raw as sashimi or a sushi topping.  Cooked Mantis Shrimp is similar to lobsters in taste and texture. See Recipes for Crustaceans - any lobster, shrimp, crayfish, bugs & crab recipe is suitable for Mantis Shrimp.

How long to cook mantis shrimp?  For 1 kg green (raw) shrimp. Bring 2 1⁄2 litres of water to the boil, add 2 tablespoons of sea salt.  Add shrimp to boiling water. Cook for 3-4 minutes. Shrimp are done when they float to the top of the water. To test, take out a shrimp and hold it to the light, it is cooked when the flesh has shrunk from the shell slightly and the prawn looks translucent.  When they’re done, remove them from the boiling water and place in a big bowl of iced water to cool them.


Commercial Fishing for Mantis Shrimp:

More links about Mantis Shrimp

Australian Government - Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (PDF file) - Australian Fisheries Statistics 2010/2011



©1996 - 2024 Sea-Ex Australia Sea-Ex Seafood Fishing Home Page
Any problems regarding this page, please contact webmaster [at]

Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookie Policy