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Bream (Sparidae) Photographs and Information

Bream also known as silver bream (NSW, Qld, Vic.); sea bream (NSW, Qld); black bream, surf bream (NSW)

Bream are mostly found in estuaries, but are also found on inshore reefs and coastal waters adjacent to beaches and rocky headlands. They live in rivers upstream to the limit of brackish water, but rarely enter freshwater. Frequently swim in schools.

Bream have a varied diet which includes small crabs, prawns, molluscs such as oysters and pipis and small fish and sometimes green weed.

Bream also known as silver bream (NSW, Qld, Vic.); sea bream (NSW, Qld); black bream, surf bream (NSW)

Bream are mostly found in estuaries, but are also found on inshore reefs and coastal waters adjacent to beaches and rocky headlands. They live in rivers upstream to the limit of brackish water, but rarely enter freshwater. Frequently swim in schools.

Bream have a varied diet which includes small crabs, prawns, molluscs such as oysters and pipis and small fish and sometimes green weed.

All three bream species under discussion here are deep-bodied, laterally-compressed fish with moderately large scales, a forked tail and a smallish mouth lined with strong, peg-like teeth. The colouration of each species varies considerably, depending upon it's habitat. Bream living in upper tidal estuaries or land-locked lagoons are often very dark - almost black - on the back and bronze or gold on the flanks. At the opposite extreme, bream taken from the surf, ocean rocks or lower estuaries are usually bright silver. The eastern black bream's pelvic and anal fins are often yellowish to bright yellow. This bream's tail is typically dusky-yellow with a black trailing edge. There is usually a small black blotch at the base of each pectoral fin, and this may also be evident on southern bream at times. In contrast, the pikey bream is generally much darker in hue than either the eastern black or southern variety, and its lips may also be thick and rubbery at times.

The commercial fishery for bream extends from Bundaberg in QLD to Bermagui on the south coast of NSW. Methods of capture include gillnets, haul seines and beach seine nets. Bream is also a by-catch of inshore trawling and trapping. The main fishing methods for commercial fishing in VIC and SA are gillnets and haul seines, and in WA almost all of the commercial catch is taken with gillnets.

Minimum legal size limits apply in all States.

spotted bream-auratus bream

Bream, silver bream, sea bream, black bream, yellowtail bream

Map showing where bream are found in Australian waters.

The NSW and QLD stocks of bream are probably fully exploited, yet population levels appear to be stable.

The usual weight for bream captured is between 1 - 1.5 kg, and may live for up to 14 years.

Bream (Sparidae) Photograph

A lot of people are currently searching for "Bream of Eastern Australia with yellow lines or gold stripes" and landing on this page.  It might be Stripey Seaperch

Scientific Name Family:  Sparidae
Location Australia wide
Season All year round
Size To 3.5 kg. 
Average size 1-1.5 kg
Australian Species Code 37 353004
Taste, Texture delicate taste, fine texture.


Nutritional Information
For every 100 grams raw product
for Bream fillet.

Kilojoules 440  (105 calories)
Protein 19.3 g
Cholesterol 27 mg
Sodium 84 g
Total fat (oil) 0.7 g
Saturated fat 40% of total fat
Monounsaturated fat 24% of total fat
Polyunsaturated fat 36% of total fat
Omega-3, EPA 23 mg
Omega-3, DHA 87 mg
Omega-6, AA 40 mg


Other Bream Links:




Catching & Fishing for Bream:

The most productive techniques for taking bream in estuaries, bays and harbours are based around the use of light, sensitive tackle and live or fresh baits of marine worms, shellfish, yabbies (nippers), crabs, prawns or small bait fish species. Bream also succumb to an array of less conventional offerings such as bullock's heart, tripe, steak, chicken intestines and various 'pudding' mixtures of flour, water, cheese, tinned sardines and the like. Estuary and river-dwelling bream of all three species are also taken with reasonable consistency on small lures and flies, often by anglers targeting other species such as flathead or tailor. In New South Wales and southern Queensland, surf, rock and inshore boat anglers target eastern black bream using the same range of baits as estuary anglers, as well as whole and cut pilchards, fish fillets, strips and cubes. All three species also respond well to the use of berley.

Cooking Bream | Recipes for Bream & Snapper:

Bream is a delicious fish, usually cooked whole. Bream are a much prized and highly rated food fish, although some people would argue they are somewhat over-rated in this department. Bream from lower estuaries, harbours and the open ocean have moist, while flesh with a clean, sweet flavour. Upper estuary or freshwater dwelling fish often exhibit slightly softer flesh, and can have a slightly weedy or muddy taint at times. Recipes for bream & snapper, nutritional information.

Alternative Fish you can use:
Flathead, hussar, morwong, redfish, tarwhine, whiting.

Commercial Fishing for Bream:

Available mainly wild-caught, though Yellowfin and Black Bream are also farmed. They are found mainly in estuaries, though also along the coast and around rocky reefs, lighter coloured fish are caught at sea, while darker ones are from estuaries and further up river. Black Bream are found around southern Australia, while Frypan and Pikey Bream are found in northern waters. Yellowfin and Tarwhine are found along the eastern coast up to far north Queensland, and Tarwhine is also found along the southern to central coast of WA. Black and Yellowfin Bream are endemic to Australia. Buyers & Sellers of Bream & Pagrus Snapper are listed.

Yellowfin Bream, Australian bream
Yellowfin Bream

Fresh chilled bream on ice

Bream at fish market, cooking bream, recipes for bream




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