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Tiger Prawn (Penaeus esculentus) & Black Tiger Prawn (Penaeus Monodon) Photographs and Information

Tiger Prawns are generally brown with dark banding.  Their rostrum and antennae are also banded.

Brown Tiger Prawns are endemic to Australian waters.  Adult Tiger Prawns are found to depths of 200 metres, but are mostly trawled in 10-20 metres of water over coarse sediments.

Juvenile Tiger Prawns are found in shallow waters associated with seagrass beds, sometimes on top of coral reef platforms. 

Brown Tiger Prawns spawn in the Gulf of Carpentaria throughout the year with a peak between July and October, in both inshore and offshore areas.  A female tiger prawn with a 39mm carapace length produces about 364,000 eggs.

Tiger prawns feed primarily at night.  Their diet consists of molluscs, crustaceans and polychaete worms.

Tiger Prawns are prey to squid, cuttlefish and a variety of fish.  Estuarine fish such as barramundi and king threadfin and catfish are major predators of juvenile tiger prawns. 

Most of the Tiger Prawn catch in Australia is exported, with Japan the major destination.  Tiger prawns are caught at night using demersal otter trawls.   Beam trawls are used in some areas of the east coast fishery.

live black tiger prawns, black tiger shrimp live, farmed black tiger shrimp, bt prawns

black tiger shrimps, Huazhou Aquatic Products Co Ltd

black tiger prawn, bt shrimp, black tiger, shrimp photo

Map showing where Black Tiger Prawns Shrimp are found in Australian Waters

How to Purchase the Freshest Prawns or Shrimp - Fresh cooked shrimp are actually cooked on board the vessel of capture the moment they are caught and then refrigerated for maximum freshness before being delivered to the markets which will be normally or hopefully within 24hrs of capture.

prawn tiger

tiger prawn, prawn photo, tiger shrimp

Scientific Name Penaeus esculentus
Location Australia wide, prolific northern Australia
Season April-June, August - November
Size To 340mm total length
Australian Species Code 00 701900
Taste, Texture -


Nutritional Information
For every 100 grams raw product
for Prawn meat.

Kilojoules 399 (95 calories)
Cholesterol 121 mg
Sodium 185 g
Total fat (oil) 0.8 g
Saturated fat 36% of total fat
Monounsaturated fat 23% of total fat
Polyunsaturated fat 41% of total fat
Omega-3, EPA 39 mg
Omega-3, DHA 49 mg
Omega-6, AA 45 mg

About Tiger Prawns:

tiger prawn, penaeus monodon, BT shrimp, black tiger prawns, jumbo tiger prawn, leader prawnBlack Tiger Prawns (Penaeus Monodon) - (also known as giant tiger prawn, jumbo tiger prawn, black tiger prawn, BT Shrimp, leader prawn, sugpo and grass prawn) is a marine crustacean that is widely reared for food.

The black tiger prawn is a widespread, fast growing tropical to subtropical species suited to warm brackish water that occurs naturally along the northern Australian coast.

The natural distribution is Indo-West-Pacific, ranging from the eastern coast of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, as far as South-east Asia, and the Sea of Japan. They can also be found in eastern Australia, and a small number have colonised the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal. Further invasive populations have become established in Hawaii and the Atlantic coast of the USA (Florida, Georgia and South Carolina).

The species can tolerate a wide range of salinity, ranging from brackish to 40 ppt (parts per thousand), although it prefers lower salinities and warmer temperatures.

These prawns are farmed around the world in earthen ponds that are close to estuarine parts of river systems or bays. The ponds, which are approximately 1 hectare in size and have a depth ranging from 1.5 to 2 metres, have a gently sloping bottom that allows for easy draining to harvest the prawns

Both sexes reach approximately 36 cm long, and females can weigh up to 650 g, making it the world's largest species of prawn.


Cooked australian tiger prawnsSizes of Prawns:
Prawns are graded according to the number of prawns per pound (445 grams) or per Kilo (1000gms)

U/10 = under 10 prawns per pound (extra large) (between 16 to 20 prawns to the Kilo)

10/20 = 10 to 20 prawns per pound (medium) (between 22 to 42 prawns to the kilo)

20/30 = 20 to30 prawns per pound (small to medium) (between 44 to 67 prawns to the kilo)

300/500 = 300 to 500 prawns per pound (extra small - shrimps) (between 675 to 1124 prawns to the kilo)

S & B = Soft and broken prawns - these are export 2nds due to slight damage or soft shell due to prawn malting just prior to capture.

Tips:- when comparing prices always compare by asking the count per pound - the lower the count the larger the size. The larger the size the higher the price

Species: Penaeus Monodon (Family: penaeidae)
English: Giant tiger prawn
French: Crevette géante tigrée
Spanish: Camarón tigre gigante

Commercial Names: Jumbo tiger prawn
Germany: Bärenschiffskielgarnele
India: Jinga (Bombay region); Kara chemmeen (Kerala); Yera (Madras); Bagda chingri (Calcutta)
Japan: Ushi-ebi
Pakistan: kalri (word also used for other species)
Iran: Tiger prawn, Monodon
Thailand: Kung kula-dum

Cooking Tiger Prawns:

Prawns (or shrimp) come in different sizes, textures and prepared methods. They are a very versatile seafood, which can be cooked in a variety of ways, from very simple to extravagant. Great for BBQ's and al-fresco dining.

Prawns or shrimp are very versatile. Nutritional information, coconut prawns, garlic prawns, barbeque shrimp, prawn shrimp curry, video showing how to peel a raw prawn, video recipes, shrimp recipes


Commercial Fishing for Tiger Prawns:

Black Tiger Prawns are occasionally trawled off the coasts of Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland, out to depths of 150m. However, most are produced by Aquaculture. In NSW, Tiger Prawns are grown at a number of north coast Prawn Farms.

Sizes of Prawns: Prawns are graded according to the number of prawns per pound (445 grams) or per Kilo (1000gms)

Exporters of Black Tiger Shrimp, Importers of BT Shrimp, Processors of Tiger prawns, wholesale suppliers of tiger prawns listed.


More links about Tiger Prawns

Publications and information on Black Tiger Prawns from Western Australian Fisheries, Australian Government Australian Fisheries Statistics, NSW Department of Primary Industries Fishing & Aquaculture information on Black Tiger Shrimp, Commonwealth Fisheries, Sea-Ex Trade Seafood Industry Directory company information and contact details for buyers of tiger shrimp and sellers of tiger shrimp, also other types of prawns and shrimp information.


Green uncooked tiger prawns whole head on

uncooked, raw, green tiger prawn meat, bt shrimp meat, shelled tiger prawns, un-deveined tiger shrimp meat




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