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Jewfish or Mulloway (Argyrosomus hololepidotus) Photographs and Information

Also known as Mulloway, jewfish (NSW, Qld, NT); kingfish (Vic.); river kingfish (WA); butterfish (SA); silver jewfish, school jew.

The mulloway has a range of common names, their usage largely dictated by geography. In New South Wales and Queensland the fish is almost exclusively known as jewfish, "jew" or "jewie". In Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia, the official name of mulloway is more widely accepted, although in South Australia the fish is sometimes called a butterfish or "buttery", while in the West it may be referred to as a river kingfish, silver kingfish or simply king. On the eastern sea board, juvenile mulloway up to about 3 kg are frequently nick-named "soapies", while fish from 3 to 8 kg or so are commonly called "schoolies"

Habitat:  Saltwater and estuarine, Found around inshore areas

Jewfish are silvery blue or grey, and sometimes they have a large black blotch at the upper part of the pectoral fin base.  The fins are grey or brown.  The dorsal fin is long and notched after the spines section.  Their mouth is terminal and there are 6 distinct pores on the chin.  The caudal fin margin is generally rounded or sigmoid ( } ) shaped.

jewfish or mulloway

Map showing where jewfish or mulloway are caught in Australian waters

Scientific Name Argyrosomus hololepidotus
Location Southern half of Australia
Season All year round
Size Up to 54 kg
Australian Species Code 37 354001
Taste, Texture Mild to very distinct flavour.  Soft to medium.


Nutritional Information
For every 100 grams raw product
for Jewfish fillet.

Kilojoules 435 (103 calories)
Protein 20.6 g
Cholesterol 19 mg
Sodium 54 mg
Total fat (oil) 0.6 g
Saturated fat 31% of total fat
Monounsaturated fat 21% of total fat
Polyunsaturated fat 48% of total fat
Omega-3, EPA 17 mg
Omega-3, DHA 72 mg
Omega-6, AA 29 mg


Jewfish or Mulloway (Argyrosomus hololepidotus) PhotoJewfish live in central and southern mainland Australian waters from Bundaberg and the Burnett River in Queensland to North West Cape in Western Australia.  Although these fish are common in western Victoria, they are much less abundant between Melbourne and southern New South Wales and have rarely been reported from Bass Strait.  Jewfish are also found around southern Africa and Madagascar.

These fish live in coastal environments, including the lower reaches of rivers, estuaries, rocky reefs, ocean beaches and embayments and the continental shelf out to 150m.  Adults are generally found close to the estuary floor or around shallow coastal reefs or rocky shores.  Jewfish are more prevalent in and around the mouths of larger rivers and embayments, especially after periods of high summer rainfall.

Jewfish are solitary or, particularly as juveniles, form loose schools.  Movement between estuaries several hundred kilometres apart has been recorded.

Juvenile Jewfish grow rapidly, especially from January to March.  Young jewfish in northern New South Wales can increase their length by an average of 2cm each month.   Weight also increases rapidly.  They mature at approximately 6 years of age when they are about 75cm long.

Angling for Jewfish | Mulloway:

Jewfish live in central and southern mainland Australian waters from Bundaberg and the Burnett River in Queensland to North West Cape in Western Australia.  Although these fish are common in western Victoria, they are much less abundant between Melbourne and southern New South Wales and have rarely been reported from Bass Strait.  Jewfish are also found around southern Africa and Madagascar. Smaller mulloway mainly succumb to baits of prawns, worms, yabbies or fish pieces intended for bream or flathead. They will also take small live baits. Larger fish are best sought with live baits such as mullet, yellowtail, slimy mackerel, pike, tailor and sweep, or dead baits of whole or cut fish. Tailor, luderick pilchards and pike fillets are favourites in some areas. Squid, octopus and cuttlefish are also very good baits, especially if used alive or very fresh.


Cooking Jewfish | Mulloway:

The flesh of the mulloway is mild and moist with only a few big bones, which are no fuss to remove. The shape and size of this finfish allow for many uniform cutlets of serving-portion size. The large, firm flakes make it ideally suited to grilling as steaks or fillets and are delicious when coated and fried. Larger specimens, which can be a little drier, are perfectly suited to casseroles and soups.

Commercial Fishing for Jewfish | Mulloway:

Scientific name: Argyrosomus hololepidotus. Jewfish or Mulloway are wild caught, Aquaculture trials have been successful in New South Wales. Mulloway are found in coastal waters from Rockhampton in Queensland to North West Cape, Western Australia (excluding Tasmania). Fillets: 55% from whole mulloway (gilled and gutted). Buyers and sellers of Jewfish and Mulloway listed.


More links about Jewfish | Mulloway

Australian Fisheries Statistics, Department of primary industries fishing and aquaculture. Information, links and resources about Jewfish or Mulloway.






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