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Commercial Fishery Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta) | Trading Kahawai



Commercial Fishing for Australian Salmon:

Australian salmon or Australasian salmon, known as kahawai in New Zealand, are medium-sized perciform marine fish of the small family Arripidae (also spelled Arripididae). Four species are recognized, all within the genus Arripis; they are found in the waters off southern Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Despite the common name, Australian salmon are not related to the salmon (family Salmonidae) of the Northern Hemisphere; the former were named so by early European settlers after their superficial resemblance to the salmoniform fishes.

Australian Salmon are endemic to the Australasian region, and inhabit southern Australian waters and also Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, the north and south islands of New Zealand and the Kermadec Islands.

They live in continental shelf waters and are also found in estuaries, bays and inlets.  They school in shallow, open coastal waters and can move over reefs in depths just sufficient to cover their bodies.  Juvenile Australian Salmon are found over soft substrates in shallow and sheltered coastal waters.  They are often found over seagrass beds and in mangrove-lined creeks.  They can tolerate temperature and salinity extremes, such as those found in the gulfs in South Australia and the Coorong.  Larger fish move into exposed coastal waters such as around rocky headlands near reefs and the surf zone.

australian salmon, Arripis trutta, aust salmon

Wild caught.

Recovery Rate
Fillets (skin on, wing off): 42% from whole Australian salmon

Australian salmon are a commercial species harvested primarily by beach seining or bottom set gillnetting.  They can also be caught using modified purse seining techniques in which fishers operate in shallow waters behind the surf line.  Large fish are also taken on trolling gear.

Map showing where Australian Salmon, Kahawai, Arripis trutta are found in Australian watersRelatively long-lived fish, Australian salmon are a favored target of recreational fishers, and both commercial and traditional Māori fisheries. They are also common bycatch of the snapper, mullet, trevally, and mackerel fisheries. These species are all taken in great numbers by way of purse seine nets and trawling. They are also caught by skilled fishermen along the southern coastline of Australia by beach seining. Due to declining numbers and ever-increasing annual catch sizes, the future viability of the Australian salmon stock has been put into question.

 

australian salmon, arripis trutta, photo of kahawai,

 
Scientific Name Arripis trutta
Location Sth QLD to TAS, across to sth WA
Season November to May
Size To 75 cm and 9 kg
Australian Species Code 37 344900
Taste, Texture Strong fishy taste, firm texture.


VIDEO: Australian Salmon (Arripis Trutta): Population structure, reproduction, diet and composition of commercial & recreational catches in NSW (Fisheries Research AU)


 

Exporters, Importers & Processors, Wholesale & Agents of Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta)

Exporters, Importers & Processors, Wholesale & Agents of Kahawai (Arripis trutta)

 


 

See Also:
Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta) Photographs and Information
Catching & Fishing for Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta)
Cooking Australian Salmon | Recipes for Kahawai
Commercial Fishery Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta) | Trading Kahawai
Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta) Links & Resources

 


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